Panchakarma is one of the very special and unique gifts that Ayurveda has to offer. Panchakarma is the ultimate mind-body healing experience for detoxifying the body, strengthening the immune system, and restoring balance and well-being. It is one the most effective healing modality in Ayurvedic Medicine.
It is a highly sophisticated and pragmatic approach to Purification and Rejuvenation therapy that has been refined and developed over several thousand years for the treatment of illness and the attainment of longevity. The most important aspect of this approach is the presence of both Purification and Rejuvenation stages.
According to Ayurveda all disease begins in the mind, and from there, the digestive tract. We have tendency to neglect fundamentals of Dincharya and Ritucharya, as much we try. As a result, our physiological processes, Doshasbecome imbalanced and our digestive function (Agni) is compromised. Once Agni is compromised, there is inefficient digestion of food leading to the production of Ama (Toxin, unripe food particles). Ama, along with the imbalanced Doshas, moves from the digestive tract into the (Strotas) channels of the body and begins to infiltrate the tissues, causing dysfunction and eventually pathological change. From an Ayurvedic point of view this is the basic pathology of all disease.
To Purify the body effectively we must firstly ‘liberate‘thisAma, along with the excess Doshas, from their new home in the tissues and channels. Once liberated ama, they must then be encouraged back to the digestive tract where they can safely be removed.
During the process of Panchakarma, diet and daily routine are specially tailored to ensure that digestion (Agni) is supported and that there is no shock or disturbance to the body and mind. The herbal medicines and procedures are specifically chosen for each individual and the treatment is usually carried out as a live-in program over a 2-3 week period.
There are three main stages of treatment that are all extremely important and must be carried out correctly.
It refers to the preparation of body for Ayurvedicpanchakarma therapy. There are two different methods in purvakarmasnehan and swedan. Purva karma is necessary for the body to achieve the complete benefits of panchakarma. Purvakarma can complete in one day or over many days.
is oil therapy or olation therapy. It is divided into two parts.
The first part includes taking medicated ghee (ghruta) or medicated edible oil. It open the srotas (channels) of body by working on all the dhatus of saptadhatu. Ghee which act as lubricant and carrier to take herbs in the intracellular potion of accumulated toxins, is important to drive the ama and mala out of the body with panchakarma. This step frees, and mobilizes the waste matters accumulated over different parts of the body. This step adds to the efficiency of panchakarma.The second part includes medicated oil massages. The skin absorbs the medicinal parts of the oils to the blood.
is given after snehan. It includes steam bathing or heating the body to facilitate sweating. There can be different types of fomentation, like heating the specific area or whole body below neck according to the specific requirements.
The choice of snehan and swedan depends on the specific conditions of the patient and his/her requirements.
The second stage of treatment, known as Pradhana Karma, deals with the actual elimination of the Doshas and is the stage that most folk are a little squeamish about. The word Panchakarma literally means ‘Five Actions’ and refers to the five methods of Purification used to cleanse the Doshas from their sites. These are Vamana (emesis), Virechana (purgation), Vasti (enema), Nasya (nasal administration) and RaktaMokshana (blood-letting).
Depending on the individual and their particular health imbalance, one or more of these Purification therapies may be used. It is important to note the difference between the application of these methods in Panchakarma and their use in other contexts. Here, the body/mind environment has been carefully prepared during the first stage, allowing the elimination of toxins to take place in a way that is not violent or stressful.
The final stage is definitely a case of ‘last but not least’. This is the Rejuvenation stage of Panchakarma. It is divided into following three
A diet consisting of light grain soups and simple foods is followed in order to strengthen Agni
Herbal medicines to provide strength to detoxified but subtle body.
Disciplined life along with adequate rest to ensure the production of healthy tissues and a return to full strength.
Benefits: One of the important benefits of Panchakarma, is the creation of an internal environment that allows the mind to move from a state of confusion and dividedness to one that is clear, calm and whole.Panchakarma is of great benefit for supporting the treatment of chronic disease, for the purpose of rejuvenation and longevity and is recommended as the best way of preparing ourselves when we are planning to have children. It is a ‘health retreat’ unlike any other – one that looks after our desire to be nurtured, supported and cared for, as well as working deeply and precisely to Purify and Rejuvenate the body and mind.
Vaman means therapeutic vomiting which is a medicated emesis. This treatment is done for the aggravated kaphadosha, which dislodges the toxins mainly from the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. This therapy is also done for preventive & curative purposes.